AP World History Unit 5 progress check: FRQ Part A answers?

What is the tragedy of the commons?

The term tragedy of the commons refers to a type of dilemma in which the interest of one person or a limited group of people leads to the depletion of a common resource.

The Tragedy of the Commons

The tragedy of the commons is a concept in economics and environmental science that describes a situation where individuals, acting in their self-interest, deplete a shared limited resource, even though it is against the common good of the group. This term was popularized by economist Garrett Hardin in his 1968 essay. Common Resources: Common resources are goods that are available to all individuals and are not owned by any specific person. Examples of common resources include water bodies, forests, fisheries, and clean air. Depletion of Resources: When individuals exploit common resources for their own personal gain without considering the long-term consequences, it can lead to the depletion of these resources. This depletion can result in negative impacts on the environment and society as a whole. Example of Tragedy of the Commons: One common example of the tragedy of the commons is overfishing in the oceans. Fishermen may continue to catch fish at unsustainable rates to maximize their profits, leading to the depletion of fish stocks and threatening the livelihoods of other fishermen who depend on the same resources. In the context of the given data, burning fossil fuels for energy production is cited as an example of an industrial practice that contributes to the tragedy of the commons. While a limited group of people may benefit financially from this practice, the widespread pollution caused by burning fossil fuels negatively impacts the air quality for everyone, highlighting the conflict between individual interests and the common good. It is essential to address the tragedy of the commons through sustainable management practices, regulations, and public awareness to ensure the responsible use of shared resources for the benefit of current and future generations.
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