The Oldest Type of Arch

What is the oldest known type of arch?

a. Corbel arch
b. Groin arch
c. Round arch
d. None of the above


The oldest known type of arch is the Corbel arch.

The oldest known type of arch is the corbel arch. This type of arch involves balancing a series of horizontal stone courses starting at the walls' spring to create an opening with a curving bottom that redistributes weight. The corbel arch supports the framework at the top of a building by using this method.

Many locations around the ancient Mediterranean feature corbel vaults and arches. Additionally, several pre-Columbian Mesoamerican structures and historical/regional architectural styles are characterized by their use of corbeled arches.

Therefore, the correct answer to the question is option a: Corbel arch.

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