Adjustments in Accounting Practice: A Reflective Analysis

What are the key adjustments made in accounting practice?

Customers were billed for $1,400 for work completed. How should this adjustment be categorized?

Depreciation for the current year includes Equipment, $600. How should this adjustment be classified?

Purchased $1,600 of office supplies on account. What category does this adjustment fall under?

Key Adjustments in Accounting Practice

Based on the data provided:

  • Customers were billed for $1,400 for work completed should be categorized as Accrued Revenue.
  • Depreciation for the current year includes Equipment, $600 falls under Deferrals / Prepaids.
  • Purchasing $1,600 of office supplies on account is classified as Prepaid Expense.

Explanation:

Identifying these accounting concepts can be challenging. Firstly, Accrued Revenue applies to earnings that have been recognized but not yet billed to the customer. In this case, when customers were billed $1,400 for completed work, it signifies revenue that has been earned but not received.

Secondly, Depreciation of Equipment amounting to $600 for the current year indicates an adjustment under Deferrals / Prepaids. This reflects the consumption of an asset over time and the need to allocate expenses accordingly.

Lastly, the purchase of $1,600 worth of office supplies on account falls under Prepaid Expense. This category denotes costs that have been paid for but not yet consumed, representing an asset until used.

Understanding and correctly categorizing these adjustments is crucial for accurate financial reporting and ensuring compliance with accounting standards.

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