# Ice Formation Challenge: What Happens When Water Turns to Ice?

## Understanding the Ice Formation Process

When 525 ml of water at 25 degrees celsius is cooled to -10 degrees celsius, a fascinating transformation occurs - the water turns into ice. This process involves a change in temperature and density that results in the formation of solid ice crystals.

Initially, the water has a density of 0.997 g/ml at 25 degrees celsius. As the temperature drops to -10 degrees celsius, the density of the water decreases to 0.917 g/ml, transitioning it into a solid state - ice.

To determine the mass and volume of the ice formed, we need to calculate the initial mass of the water and use the densities at both temperatures. The initial mass of the water can be calculated by multiplying its volume (525 ml) by its density at 25 degrees celsius (0.997 g/ml), resulting in a mass of 523.425 g.

Next, we need to find the final mass of the ice by multiplying its volume (which is yet to be determined) by its density at -10 degrees celsius (0.917 g/ml). By subtracting the initial mass of water from the final mass of ice and dividing the result by the density of ice at -10 degrees celsius, we calculate that the mass of the ice is approximately 523.425 g and the volume of the ice is approximately 571.11 ml.

Witnessing the transformation of water into ice is a remarkable demonstration of the impact of temperature on the physical properties of substances. Understanding the science behind this process can deepen our appreciation for the wonders of nature and the beauty of scientific principles in action.